The Modern Kitchen

Rabbi Eli Gersten
Click here for a visual guide
GLOSSARY OF TERMS
LIBUN – Burning
HAGALAH – Boiling
IRUY – Poured Boiling Water
EVEN MELUBENET – Heated Stone

SILVERWARE, POTS & OTHER SMALL ITEMS

Hagalah (boiling in water)

Rolled lips, seams or cracks, which cannot be cleaned, will require torching of those areas. Utensils should be immersed one at a time into a pot of boiling water that is on the fire. Water should be allowed to return to a boil before the next item is placed in to the pot. The pot can be non-Passover, provided it is clean, has not been used for 24 hours, and water is first boiled in the pot and discarded. Larger items can be submerged in the water one part at a time. Utensils should then be rinsed in cold water.

STAINLESS STEEL SINK

Iruy (pouring boiling water)

Remove drain. [It is recommended that the drain be replaced. If this is difficult, it may be used if the drain has large holes that can be completely scrubbed clean]. It is preferable to kasher a sink by pouring boiling water in conjunction with an even melubenet (a heated stone). In lieu of kashering with a heated stone, some will place a rack on the bottom of the sink, or use a sink insert.

CERAMIC SINK

Cannot be kashered & must be covered

The sink should not be used with hot water for 24 hours. Remove drain. [It is recommended that the drain be replaced. If this is difficult, and the drain has large holes and can be completely scrubbed clean, then it can be kashered. It should not be used for 24 hours prior to kashering]. The sink should be completely clean and dry. The sink should be covered with layers of contact paper or foil; it is best to purchase a sink insert.

GAS STOVETOP

Libun (burning) & cover

The stovetop surface and grates should be cleaned well and not used for 24 hours. The stovetop surface should be covered with foil. The stovetop grates can be replaced or they should be burned out in the oven @ 550° F for one hour.

Electric Stovetop

Libun (burning) & cover

The stovetop surface should be cleaned well and covered with foil. The burners should be turned on until they glow red.

Glass stovetop

Cannot be kashered & must be covered

The stovetop surface should be cleaned well and not used for 24 hours. During Pesach pots should not be placed directly on the stove surface, but rather an aluminum (or other metal) disk should be placed directly under the pot. One should not cover the entire glass top surface as this might cause it to overheat and crack.

KEURIG COFFEE MAKER

Hagalah or Iruy (pouring boiling water)

(for those who kasher plastic) The coffee maker must be cleaned well and not used for 24 hours. Remove K-cup holder and perform hagalah or iruy on K-cup holder. Run a Kosher for Passover K-cup in the machine (this will kasher the top pin).

SELF-CLEAN OVENS

Libun (burning)

Remove any visible food. Complete self-cleaning cycle with racks in place.

NON SELF-CLEANING OVEN

Libun (burning)

Clean all surfaces (walls, floor, doors and racks) thoroughly with a caustic cleanser (e.g. Easy Off). Pay special attention to thermostat, oven window, and edges of the oven chamber. Black discoloration that is flush with the metal need not be removed. Oven should not be used for 24 hours. Place racks in the oven and turn the oven to broil (highest heat) for 60 minutes. A broiler pan that comes in direct contact with food should not be used.
Note: The method of kashering described above is based on the ruling of Rav Aharon Kotler zt’l. However, Rav Moshe Feinstein zt’l ruled that the oven must either be kashered with a blow torch, or an insert should be placed in the oven. Consult your rabbi for guidance.

WARMING DRAWERS

Libun (burning)

Typically warming drawers do not get to libun kal temperature. Therefore, unless one is experienced in kashering with a torch, warming drawers are not recommended for use on Pesach.

Tablecloths, Kitchen gloves, aprons & other fabric items

WASH

Fabric items can be kashered by washing them with detergent in washing machine set on ‘hot’. Items should be checked to make sure no pieces of food remain attached.

MICROWAVE

Hagalah (boiling in water)

(for those who kasher plastic) The microwave must be cleaned well and not used for 24 hours. Glass turntable should be removed and replaced with new kosher for Passover surface. A styrofoam cup should be filled with water and boiled in the microwave for 10 minutes. The cup should be refilled and moved to another spot and the process repeated for 10 more minutes. Cardboard or contact paper should be taped over the glass window pane for the duration of Passover.

The sink faucet (including instant hot)

Iruy (pouring boiling water)

Detach any filters or nozzles.

Stainless steel, granite, stone or Formica countertops

Iruy (pouring boiling water) or covering

It is preferable to kasher a countertop by pouring boiling water in conjunction with an even melubenet. There are different opinions as to whether formica (or plastic) countertops can be kashered for Pesach.

Ceramic tile countertops

cannot be kashered & must be covered

The counter should be covered with a water-resistant covering.

REFRIGERATORS, FREEZERS, FOOD SHELVES & PANTRIES

CLEAN & COVER

These areas should be thoroughly cleaned, paying special attention to the edges where crumbs may get trapped. The surfaces should be lined with paper or plastic.
Note: Refrigerators and freezers will operate more efficiently if holes are poked in the lining to allow air flow.

DISHWASHERS

HAGALAH (boiling in water)

Kashering of dishwashers is a complicated process and should only be done in consultation with a halachic authority.

TABLES

cannot be koshered and must be covered

Although wooden tables can be kashered, the common custom is to clean tables well and then cover them.

WATER COOLER

Iruy (pouring boiling water)

Replace with new water bottle. Run hot water through the water tap for 10 seconds. Pour boiling water from a kettle over water tap.

Kashering for Passover

CLICK ON THE TO FIND OUT HOW TO KASHER EACH ITEM.
GLOSSARY OF TERMS
LIBUN GAMUR – Burning
HAGALAH – Boiling
IRUY KLI RISHON – Poured Boiling Water
EVEN MELUBENET – Heated Stone
Click here for more details on these processes.
SILVERWARE, POTS & OTHER SMALL ITEMS HAGALAH (boiling in water) Rolled lips, seams or cracks, which cannot be cleaned, will require torching of those areas. Utensils should be immersed one at a time into a pot of boiling water that is on the fire. Water should be allowed to return to a boil before the next item is placed in to the pot. The pot can be non-Passover, provided it is clean, has not been used for 24 hours, and water is first boiled in the pot and discarded. Larger items can be submerged in the water one part at a time. Utensils should then be rinsed in cold water.
STAINLESS STEEL SINK IRUy (pouring boiling water) Remove drain. [It is recommended that the drain be replaced. If this is difficult, it may be used if the drain has large holes that can be completely scrubbed clean]. It is preferable to kasher a sink by pouring boiling water in conjunction with an even melubenet (a heated stone). In lieu of kashering with a heated stone, some will place a rack on the bottom of the sink, or use a sink insert. CERAMIC SINK CANNOT BE KASHERED & MUST BE COVERED The sink should not be used with hot water for 24 hours. Remove drain. [It is recommended that the drain be replaced. If this is difficult, and the drain has large holes and can be completely scrubbed clean, then it can be kashered. It should not be used for 24 hours prior to kashering]. The sink should be completely clean and dry. The sink should be covered with layers of contact paper or foil; it is best to purchase a sink insert.
GAS STOVE LIBUN (burning) & COVER The stovetop surface and grates should be cleaned well and not used for 24 hours. The stovetop surface should be covered with foil. The stovetop grates can be replaced or they should be burned out in the oven @ 550° F for one hour. ELECTRIC STOVE LIBUN (burning) & COVER The stovetop surface should be cleaned well and covered with foil. The burners should be turned on until they glow red. GLASS STOVE CANNOT BE KASHERED & MUST BE COVERED The stovetop surface should be cleaned well and not used for 24 hours. During Pesach pots should not be placed directly on the stove surface, but rather an aluminum (or other metal) disk should be placed directly under the pot.One should not cover the entire glass top surface as this might cause it to overheat and crack.
KEURIG COFFEE MAKER HAGALAH OR IRUY (pouring boiling water) (for those who kasher plastic) The coffee maker must be cleaned well and not used for 24 hours. Remove K-cup holder and perform hagalah or iruy on K-cup holder. Run a Kosher for Passover K-cup in the machine (this will kasher the top pin).
SELF-CLEAN OVENS LIBUN (burning) Remove any visible food. Complete self-cleaning cycle with racks in place. NON SELF-CLEANING OVEN LIBUN (burning) Clean all surfaces (walls, floor, doors and racks) thoroughly with a caustic cleanser (e.g. Easy Off). Pay special attention to thermostat, oven window, and edges of the oven chamber. Black discoloration that is flush with the metal need not be removed. Oven should not be used for 24 hours. Place racks in the oven and turn the oven to broil (highest heat) for 60 minutes. A broiler pan that comes in direct contact with food should not be used.The method of kashering described above is based on the ruling of Rav Aharon Kotler zt’l. However, Rav Moshe Feinstein zt’l ruled that the oven must either be kashered with a blow torch, or an insert should be placed in the oven. Consult your rabbi for guidance. WARMING DRAWERS LIBUN (burning) Typically warming drawers do not get to libun kal temperature. Therefore, unless one is experienced in kashering with a torch, warming drawers are not recommended for use on Pesach.
TABLECLOTHS, KITCHEN GlOVES, APRONS & OTHER FABRIC ITEMS WASH Fabric items can be kashered by washing them with detergent in washing machine set on ‘hot’. Items should be checked to make sure no pieces of food remain attached.
MICROWAVE HAGALAH (boiling in water) (for those who kasher plastic) The microwave must be cleaned well and not used for 24 hours. Glass turntable should be removed and replaced with new kosher for Passover surface. A styrofoam cup should be filled with water and boiled in the microwave for 10 minutes. The cup should be refilled and moved to another spot and the process repeated for 10 more minutes. Cardboard or contact paper should be taped over the glass window pane for the duration of Passover.
THE SINK FAUCET (including instant hot) IRUY (pouring boiling water) Detach any filters or nozzles.
STAINLESS STEEL, GRANITE, STONE OR FORMICA COUNTERTOPS IRUY (pouring boiling water) OR COVERING It is preferable to kasher a countertop by pouring boiling water in conjunction with an even melubenet. There are different opinions as to whether formica (or plastic) countertops can be kashered for Pesach. CERAMIC TILE COUNTERTOPS CANNOT BE KASHERED & MUST BE COVERED The counter should be covered with a water-resistant covering.
REFRIGERATORS, FREEZERS, FOOD SHELVES & PANTRIES CLEAN & COVER These areas should be thoroughly cleaned, paying special attention to the edges where crumbs may get trapped. The surfaces should be lined with paper or plastic. Note: Refrigerators and freezers will operate more efficiently if holes are poked in the lining to allow air flow.
DISHWASHERS HAGALAH (boiling in water) Kashering of dishwashers is a complicated process and should only be done in consultation with a halachic authority.
TABLES CANNOT BE KOSHERED AND MUST BE COVERED Although wooden tables can be kashered, the common custom is to clean tables well and then cover them. WATER COOLER IRUY (pouring boiling water) Replace with new water bottle. Run hot water through the water tap for 10 seconds. Pour boiling water from a kettle over water tap.