- 3 Tablespoons sugar
- 2 Tablespoons apple cider vinegar
- ¼ teaspoon dry mustard
- ⅛ teaspoon salt
- ¼ cup vegetable oil
- 20 oz. fresh spinach
- 1 cup fresh blueberries
- 3 oranges
- ½ cup slivered almonds
- Dressing: Combine the sugar, vinegar, dry mustard, salt and oil in a small mixing bowl; set aside.
- Trim the stems on the spinach leaves then wash and drain them in a colander. Dry on paper towels. Tear the spinach into bite-sized pieces and place them in a salad bowl.
- Wash blueberries; drain on paper towels.
- Peel the oranges; separate them into sections and cut into thirds.
- Add the oranges, blueberries, and nuts to the spinach. Pour the dressing over the salad and toss lightly to mix.
INFESTATION: Cultivated blueberries, the type most commonly found in the supermarket, are generally insect-free. Still they should be placed in a strainer or colander and washed thoroughly under running water. Wild uncultivated blueberries, typically found in mountainous areas, require special inspection due to the prevalence of the ‘blueberry maggot’ (worm). Each berry should be individually inspected for holes or other indications of worms.
- Cultivated blueberries should be placed in a strainer or colander and washed thoroughly under running water.
- Wild blueberries must be carefully examined after washing. Spread them on a white cloth or a sheet of freezer paper and look for holes or other indications of worms.
- Frozen Blueberries: Frozen Blueberries and other frozen fruits may be eaten without any washing or inspection, with the exception of frozen raspberries, blackberries, and strawberries which tend to be heavily infested.
SPINACH & ARUGULA:
Please note: Only flat leaf spinach is recommended because its flat surface lends itself to efficient washing. Curly leaf spinach is difficult to clean and check. It is therefore not recommended.
INFESTATION: Spinach and arugula tend to be highly infested throughout the year. Light green thrips are often found in the small curls of the leaves. Occasionally, worms may be found in burrows within the body of the leaf. Look for a narrow (1/8_) translucent burrow speckled with black dots breaking up the deep green color of the leaf. These burrows will often trap the worm within the leaf. To rid the leaf of these worms, carefully slit the bumpy part within the burrow with a sharp knife and remove the worm.
- Soak leaves in a solution of cold water and vegetable wash. The proper amount of vegetable wash has been added when some bubbles are observed in the water. (In the absence of vegetable wash, several drops of concentrated non-scented liquid detergent may be used. However, for health reasons, care must be taken to thoroughly rinse off the soapy solution.)
- Separate the spinach leaves and agitate them in the soapy solution.
- Using a heavy stream of water or a power hose, remove all foreign matter and soap from the leaf surface. Alternatively, a vegetable brush may be used on both sides of the leaf.
- Several leaves should be checked over a light box or under strong overhead light to verify that the washing procedure has been effective. Both sides of the leaf must be checked.
- If it is practical, it is best to check each leaf.