Are there any rules as to where a sukkah may or may not be located?

The sukkah should not be located in an area that has a bad smell1. It cannot be placed under a tree or awning. It should preferably be built on a patio, deck or driveway and not on the grass2.
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1. Mishna Berurah 630:4
2. Shulchan Aruch (O.C. 336:3)