- 1 peach
- 2 nectarines
- ⅓ cup orange juice
- 1½ teaspoons balsamic vinegar
- 2 teaspoons fresh, chopped mint
- 2 cups fresh raspberries, rinsed and drained
- 1 lb. boneless, skinless turkey tenders
- 2 Tablespoon fresh, minced garlic
- ½ teaspoon pepper
- 4 pita pockets, cut in half
- Salad greens
- Peel peach and nectarines and cut into small cubes. Combine the fruit with orange juice, balsamic vinegar and mint in medium bowl; toss to mix; carefully fold in raspberries. Cover, refrigerate 30-60 minutes.
- Preheat broiler to high. Line baking sheet with foil and spray with cooking spray.
- Arrange turkey on sheet; spread fresh, minced garlic on top of turkey and sprinkle with pepper. Broil 7-8 minutes; turn turkey tenders over; broil on other side for 7-8 minutes or until no longer pink and cooked through. Cut tenders into cubes.
- Fill the pockets with the salad greens, then the turkey pieces and then top with salsa.
DESCRIPTION: Fresh chives, basil, cilantro, dill, mint, oregano, parsley, rosemary, sage, and thyme are often used as spices or garnishing.
Please Note: Curly leaf parsley is very difficult to check. It is therefore recommended that only flat leaf parsley be used.
INFESTATION: Aphids, thrips and other insects may often be found on the leaves and stems of these herbs. Insects tend to nestle in the crevices between the leaves and branches of herbs. These insects can curl up and stick to the leaf once they come in contact with water.
Vegetable spinners, power hoses, and light boxes are not always available in the home. We therefore recommend the following alternate procedure.
RECOMMENDATION: In order to determine if a particular bunch of herbs is infested prior to washing, bang it several times over a white cloth. This is most important when checking oregano, rosemary, sage and thyme. If only one or two insects are found proceed with the steps below. If three or more insects are detected in a particular bunch of herbs it should not be used.
- Soak herbs in a solution of cold water and vegetable wash. The proper amount of vegetable wash has been added when some bubbles are observed in the water. (In the absence of vegetable wash, several drops of concentrated unscented liquid detergent may be used. However, for health reasons, care must be taken to thoroughly rinse off the soapy solution.)
- Agitate the herbs in the soapy water, in order to loosen the sticking excretion of the bugs.
- Using a heavy stream of water, thoroughly wash off the soap and other foreign matter from the herbs.
- Check both sides of each leaf under direct light.
- If one or two insects are found, rewash the herbs.
- If any insects are found after repeating the agitation process twice, the entire bunch must be discarded.
Please note: To prepare herbs such as cilantro, dill, or parsley for use in soups, wash them thoroughly and place in a cooking bag.
LETTUCE & LEAFY VEGETABLES:
DESCRIPTION: Bok Choy, Lettuce, Open-Leaf, Bib, Boston, Butter Lettuce, Chicory, Chinese Lettuce (Napa), Iceberg, Green Leaf, Red Leaf, Romaine, Field Greens and Watercress all grow in a similar fashion. As they sprout forth from the ground, the leaves begin to open up like a flower. Toward the end of their growth they begin to close around the stalk.
INFESTATION: The insects most commonly found in open-leaf lettuce are small green aphids or thrips. The leaves of the vegetable often camouflage these insects. The open structure of these vegetables allows insects to penetrate the entire head. Red Leaf, Green Leaf and Romaine Lettuce have curly leaves with many folds in which the insects tend to hide. We therefore recommend that they be washed and checked with extreme caution. Often, insects may be found between the innermost layers of leaves of an infested head. Therefore, each leaf must be washed and checked individually. The use of a light box for checking lettuce is extremely helpful. Occasionally, worms may be found in burrows within the body of the leaf. Look for a narrow (1/8″) translucent burrow speckled with black dots breaking up the deep green color of the leaf. These burrows will often trap the worm within the leaf. To rid the leaf of these worms, carefully slit the bumpy part within the burrow with a sharp knife and remove the worm.
Please note: Many varieties of open-leaf lettuce feature curly leaves with many folds in which the insects tend to hide. We therefore recommend that they be washed and checked with extreme caution.
- Cut off the lettuce base and separate the leaves from one another.
- Soak leaves in a solution of cold water and vegetable wash. The proper amount of vegetable wash has been added when some bubbles are observed in the water. (In the absence of vegetable wash, several drops of concentrated non-scented liquid detergent may be used. However, for health reasons, care must be taken to thoroughly rinse off the soapy solution.)
- Agitate the lettuce leaves in the soapy solution.
- Spread each leaf, taking care to expose all its curls and crevices. Using a heavy stream of water or a power hose, remove all foreign matter and soap from both sides of each leaf. Alternatively, a vegetable brush may be used on both sides of the leaf.
- Several leaves should be checked over a light box or under strong overhead lighting to verify that the washing procedure has been effective. Pay careful attention to the folds and crevices in the leaf where insects have been known to hold tight through several washings.
- If it is practical, it is best to check each leaf.
- If the manner of washing described above is impractical, each leaf must be carefully inspected.
- In a commercial setting, a vegetable spinner is recommended. (The advantages of spin-drying are: (1) the Rabbi will not risk an electrical shock when placing the leaves on the light box; and (2) the leaves will stay fresh and moist for a longer period of time.)
- Three handfuls of leaves from different areas of the bin should be checked over a light box or under direct light. Our experience has shown that if the leaves are washed properly, no insects will be found.
DESCRIPTION: Considered by many the most intensely flavored member of the berry family, the raspberry is composed of many connecting drupelets (individual sections of fruit, each with its own seed) surrounding a central core. There are three main varieties—black, golden and red, the latter being the most widely available. Fresh raspberries are typically available from May through November.
INFESTATION: There are three main varieties of raspberries – black, golden, and red, the latter being the most widely available. Raspberries can be heavily infested with small mites and thrips. These insects can be nestled on the surface of the berry as well as inside the open cavity of the raspberry. Occasionally, small worms may be found in the cavity of the berry.
Note that tiny, dark-colored, leaf-like or seed-like protrusions in the berry’s cavity may appear similar to insects, making the true insects difficult to discern.
Raspberries are often extremely infested. They are nearly impossible to clean without ruining the fruit. Proper inspection of these berries requires exceptional patience. Currently, fresh raspberries and blackberries are not permitted in OU certified catering facilities and restaurants.
If berry inspection is undertaken, it should be done in a well-lit area. In a commercial facility, a light box should be used.
INSPECTION: Due to the very delicate nature of raspberries, they cannot be placed in water nor can they be extensively handled. Therefore, we recommend the following procedure as the most practical and effective way of checking raspberries:
- Stretch a white cloth or sheet of white freezer paper over a light box or on a countertop with ample overhead lighting. Raspberries should be dropped one by one onto the white surface. This will dislodge at least some of the insects that may inhabit the berry.
- If two or more insects are found, a pint of berries is to be considered infested and may not be used. There is no washing procedure that will guarantee removal of all of the insects.
- If after dropping the berries no insects are found, the berries should be visually inspected one by one. Pay careful attention to the cavity of the berry where insects often hide.
- When working in a catering commissary, a larger amount of berries can be dropped on a light box at one time, minimizing the time of inspection.
Alternative method: recommended for large quantities:
- After following steps 1 & 2 above, berries should be placed in a container of soapy solution (prepared with food-grade detergent) and agitated vigorously.
- After a thorough rinsing, the berries may be spin-dried.
- To verify that the washing has succeeded in removing all insects, check 5 berries per pint in the manner outlined above.